Plagiochila xerophila (Plagiochilaceae, Marchantiophyta) – a highly xerophilous new species from the Tibetan Spur (China)
PDF

Supplementary Files

Supplementary File 1

Keywords

China
East Asia
liverworts
integrative research
Plagiochila
taxonomy

How to Cite

Bakalin, V. and Vilnet, A. (2020) “Plagiochila xerophila (Plagiochilaceae, Marchantiophyta) – a highly xerophilous new species from the Tibetan Spur (China)”, Plant Ecology and Evolution, 153(1), pp. 120-131. doi: 10.5091/plecevo.2020.1560.

Abstract

Background and aims – The xeric landscapes of the Tibetan floristic province are adverse habitats for leafy liverworts. Here we report on the occurrence of a population of a species of the genus Plagiochila from exposed high-elevation cliffs in the Sichuan Province, China. We assessed its taxonomic distinctiveness and affinities within a morphological and phylogenetic framework.
Results and discussion – The population is accommodated in a new species, Plagiochila xerophila Bakalin & Vilnet – probably the most xerophilous taxon within the genus in Asia – and a new section (sect. Xerophilae Bakalin & Vilnet) based on integrative analyses of molecular and morphological traits. The species is characterized by a greenish colour, unexpected given the highly exposed habitat, rigid texture and stem paraphyllia. The closest morphological relatives from sect. Poeltiae are phylogenetically only distantly related, whereas members of its sister groups, namely of sect. Trabeculatae and sect. Fruticosae are morphologically conspicuously different.

https://doi.org/10.5091/plecevo.2020.1560
PDF

References

Bakalin V.A., Vilnet A.A. (2017) A new large-celled species of Plagiochila (Plagiochilaceae, Hepaticae) from the southern flank of the Russian Far East. Botanica Pacifica 6(2): 53–58. https://doi.org/10.17581/bp.2017.06208

Bakalin V.A., Nguyen V.S., Borovichev E.A. (2018a) New liverwort records for Vietnam. Journal of Bryology 40(1): 68–73. https://doi.org/10.1080/03736687.2017.1393140

Bakalin V., Vilnet A., Ma W.Z. (2018b) Liochlaena sichuanica – a new species from the Tibetan Spur and diversification in Liochlaena (Jungermanniaceae, Marchantiophyta). Phytotaxa 371(5): 283–292. https://doi.org/10.11646/phytotaxa.371.5.2

Bischler H. (1979) Plagiochasma Lehm. et Lindenb. III. Les taxa d’Asie et Océanie. The Journal of the Hattori Botanical Laboratory 45: 25–79.

Borovichev E.A., Bakalin V.A. (2016) Survey of the Russian Far East Marchantiales IV: a revision of Ricciaceae (Hepaticae). Botanica Pacifica 5(2): 3–29. https://doi.org/10.17581/bp.2016.05205

Chang D.H.S. (1981) The vegetation zonation of the Tibetan Plateau. Mountain Research and Development 1(1): 29–48.

Frey W., Stech M. (2009) Marchantiophyta, Bryophyta, Anthocerotophyta. In: Frey W. (ed.) Syllabus of plant families: 1–257. Stuttgart, Borntraeger.

Goloboff P.A., Catalano S. (2016) T.N.T. version 1.5, including a full implementation of phylogenetic morphometrics. Cladistics 32: 221–238 https://doi.org/10.1111/cla.12160.

Gradstein S.R. (2015) A revised key to the species of Plagiochila (Marchantiophyta) from Brazil. Pesquisas Botanica 67: 23–36.

Gradstein S.R. (2016) The genus Plagiochila (Marchantiophyta) in Colombia. Revista de la Academia Colombiana de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales 40: 104–136.

Grolle R., So M.L. (1999) On the Plagiochila species of sect. Zonatae with paraphyllia or mamillose stems (Hepaticae). Systematic Botany 24 (3): 297–310. https://doi.org/10.2307/2419690

Guindon S., Dufayard J.F., Lefort V., Anisimova M., Hordijk W., Gascuel O. (2010) New algorithms and methods to estimate maximum-likelihood phylogenies: Aassessing the performance of PhyML 3.0. Systematic Biology 59: 307–321. https://doi.org/10.1093/sysbio/syq010

Hall T.A. (1999) BioEdit: a user-friendly biological sequence alignment editor and analysis program for Windows 95/98/NT. Nucleic Acids Symposium Series 41: 95–98.

He M., Yang B., Brauning A. (2012) Tree growth–climate relationships of Juniperus tibetica along an altitudinal gradient on the southern Tibetan Plateau. Trees 27: 429–439. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00468-012-0813-5

Herzschuh U., Ni J., Birks H.J.B., Böhner J. (2011) Driving forces of mid-Holocene vegetation shifts on the upper Tibetan Plateau, with emphasis on changes in atmospheric CO2 concentrations. Quaternary Science Reviews 30: 1907–1917. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2011.03.007

Inoue H. (1958a) The family Plagiochilaceae of Japan and Formosa. I. The Journal of the Hattori Botanical Laboratory 19: 25–59.

Inoue H. (1958b) The family Plagiochilaceae of Japan and Formosa. II. The Journal of the Hattori Botanical Laboratory 20: 54–106.

Jamy M., Renner M.A.M, Patzak S.D.F., Heslewood M.M., Schafer-Verwimp A., Heinrichs J. (2016) Reinstatement of Plagiochila sect. Abietinae (Plagiochilaceae, Jungermanniopsida). Cryptogamie, Bryologie 37(4): 351–360. https://doi.org/10.7872/cryb/v37.iss4.2016.351

Keane T.M., Naughton T.J., McInerney J.O. (2004) ModelGenerator: amino acid and nucleotide substitution model selection. Maynooth, National University of Ireland.

Kress W.J., Erickson D.L. (2007) A two-locus global DNA barcode for land plants: the coding rbcL gene complements the non-coding trnH-psbA spacer region. PLoS ONE 2(6): e508. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0000508

Miehe G., Winiger M., Böhner J., Yili Z. (2001) The climatic diagram map of High Asia. Purpose and concepts. Erdkunde 55(1): 94–97. https://doi.org/10.3112/erdkunde.2001.01.06

Miehe G., Miehe S., Bach K., Nölling J., Hanspach J., Reudenbach C., Kaiser K., Wesche K., Mosbrugger V., Yang Y.P., Ma Y.M. (2011a) Plant communities of central Tibetan pastures in the Alpine Steppe/Kobresia pygmaea ecotone. Journal of Arid Environments 75(8): 711–723. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaridenv.2011.03.001

Miehe G., Bach K., Miehe S., Kluge J., Yongping Y., Duo L., Co S., Wesche K. (2011b) Alpine steppe plant communities of the Tibetan highlands. Applied Vegetation Science 14(4): 547–560. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1654-109X.2011.01147.x

Müller K. (2005) SeqState. Primer design and sequence statistics for phylogenetic DNA datasets. Applied Bioinformatics 4(1): 65–69. https://doi.org/10.2165/00822942-200504010-00008

Pattengale N.D., Alipour M., Bininda-Emonds O.R.P., Moret B.M.E., Stamatakis A. (2010) How many bootstrap replicates are necessary? Journal of Computational Biology 17: 337–354. https://doi.org/10.1089/cmb.2009.0179

Patzak S.D.F., Renner M.A.M., Schäfer-Verwimp A., Feldberg K., Heslewood M., Peralta D.F., Matos de Souza A., Schneider H., Heinrichs J. (2016) A phylogeny of Lophocoleaceae-Plagiochilaceae-Brevianthaceae and a revised classification of Plagiochilaceae. Organisms Diversity and Evolution 16(3): 481–495. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13127-015-0258-y

Post A. (1990) Photoprotective pigment as an adaptive strategy in the Antarctic moss Ceratodon purpureus. Polar Biology 10: 241–245. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00238420

Renner M.A.M., Heslewood M., Patzak S.D.F., Schäfer-Verwimp A., Heinrichs J. (2017) By how much do we underestimate species diversity of liverworts using morphological evidence? An example from Australasian Plagiochila (Plagiochilaceae: Jungermanniopsida). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 107: 576–593. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2016.12.018

Rambaut A., Drummond A.J. (2007) Tracer v. 1.4. Available at http://beast.bio.ed.ac.uk/Tracer [accessed 10 November 2018].

Ronquist F., Teslenko M., Mark P. van der, Ayres D.L., Darling A., Höhna S., Larget B., Liu L., Suchard M.A., Hülsenbeck J.P. (2012) MrBayes 3.2: Efficient Bayesian phylogenetic inference and model choice across a large model space. Systematic Biology 61(3): 539–542. https://doi.org/10.1093/sysbio/sys029

So M.L. (2001) Plagiochila (Hepaticae, Plagiochilaceae) in China. Systematic Botany Monographs 60: 1–214. https://doi.org/10.2307/25027887

Söderström L., Hagborg A., Konrat M. von (2015) Notes on early land plants today. 69. Circumscription of Plagiochilaceae (Marchantiophyta) with a preliminary infrageneric subdivision of Plagiochila. Phytotaxa 208 (1): 075–091. https://doi.org/10.11646/phytotaxa.208.1.8

Söderström L., Hagborg A., von Konrat M., Bartholomew-Began S., Bell D., Briscoe L., Brown E., Cargill D.C., Costa D.P., Crandall-Stotler B.J., Cooper E.D., Dauphin G., Engel J.J., Feldberg K., Glenny D., Gradstein S.R., He X., Heinrichs J., Hentschel J., Ilkiu-Borges A.L., Katagiri T., Konstantinova N.A., Larraín J., Long D.G., Nebel M., Pócs T., Felisa P.F., Reiner-Drehwald E., Renner M.A.M., Sass-Gyarmati A., Schäfer-Verwimp A., Moragues J.G.S., Stotler R.E., Sukkharak P., Thiers B.M., Uribe J., Váňa J., Villarreal J.C., Wigginton M., Zhang L., Zhu R.L. (2016) World checklist of hornworts and liverworts. PhytoKeys 59: 1–828. https://doi.org/10.3897/phytokeys.59.6261

Spicer R.A. (2017) Tibet, the Himalaya, Asian monsoons and biodiversity – In what ways are they related? Plant Diversity 39(5): 233–244. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pld.2017.09.001

Stamatakis A. (2006) RAxML-VI-HPC: Maximum Likelihood-based phylogenetic analyses with thousands of taxa and mixed models. Bioinformatics 22(1): 2688–2690. https://doi.org/10.1093/bioinformatics/btl446

Taberlet P., Gielly L., Pautou G., Bouvet J. (1991) Universal primers for amplification of three non–coding regions of chloroplast DNA. Plant Molecular Biology 17(5): 1105–1109. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00037152

Takhtajan A. (1986) Floristic regions of the world (translated by T.J.Crovello). Berkeley, University of California Press.

Tamura K., Peterson D., Peterson N., Stecher G., Nei M., Kumar S. (2011) MEGA 5: molecular evolutionary genetics analysis using maximum likelihood, evolutionary distance, and maximum parsimony method. Molecular Biology and Evolution 28(10): 2731–2739. https://doi.org/10.1093/molbev/msr121

Thiers B. (continuously updated) Index Herbariorum: A global directory of public herbaria and associated staff. New York Botanical Garden’s Virtual Herbarium. Available at http://sweetgum.nybg.org/science/ih/ [accessed 20 January 2020].

Waterman M.J., Bramley‑Alves J., Miller R.E., Keller P.A., Robinson S.A. (2018) Photoprotection enhanced by red cell wall pigments in three East Antarctic mosses. Biological Research 51: 49 https://doi.org/10.1186/s40659-018-0196-1

Wang Z., Wang Q., Wu X., Zhao L., Yue G., Nan Z., Wang P., Yi S., Zou D., Qin Y., Wu T., Shi J. (2017) Vegetation changes in the permafrost regions of the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau from 1982-2012: different responses related to geographical locations and vegetation types in high-altitude areas. PLoS ONE 12(1): e0169732. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0169732

Wen J., Zhang J.-Q., Nie Z.-L., Zhong Y., Sun H. (2014) Evolutionary diversifications of plants on the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau. Frontiers in Genetic 5: 4. https://doi.org/10.3389/fgene.2014.00004

White T.J., Bruns T., Lee S., Taylor J. (1990) Amplification and direct sequencing of fungal ribosomal RNA genes for phylogenetics. In: Innis M.A., Gelfand D.H., Snisky J.J., White T.J. (eds) PCR protocols: a guide to methods and applications: 315–322. San Diego, Academic Press.

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.